Three Levels of Revision

Revision is the process by which an adult Spanish horse recieves "permission" to be used as a breeding animal. Revision as a type of quality control is a European concept. Just as German Shepherds in Germany must be trial tested to see that they meet the breed standard and just as European warmbloods are inspected and just as Friesians go through "keuring", the Spanish horse is revised.

Revision in the U.S. has not been without controversy. However, for a horse to hold papers in the mother country of Spain (PRE Papers, Carta), that horse must first be inscribed as a baby and then inspected as an adult before it recieves the stamp of approval on the papers. The inspections are always done by someone from Spain. Currently, a breeders association (ANCCE) in Spain coordinates and conducts the inspections and holds the studbook. Formerly it was done by a branch of the military called the Cria Caballar.

When inspections are done in a country outside of Spain, that country must have a horse breeders's association made up of members who own breeding mares. Before Spain will do inspections, they must have a formal signed protocal with that breeding group. Each country is allowed only one breeding group that holds the protocol with Spain. For the past several years, that group has been the USPRE. Prior to that it was conducted by FAB-PRE-USA. And prior to that by the Foundation.

Recently (as of February 2013), some of the founding members (including Alex Zilo) of USPRE have split off and are forming USPREBA. The new group is expecting to hold the protocol with Spain.

A competing organization, the Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse, previously had the protocol with Spain but dropped it. Alex Zilo's group, USPRE, picked it up from there. Shortly thereafter, the Foundation came up with their own inspection program and issued "cartas" and conducted "revisions" under the name PRE Mundial. These papers have gotten the nickname "carta sucia" or dirty papers because they are not the same papers as Spain issues.

Basic Breeding Approval - Horses are evaluated (valorated) at three years of age by an authorised LG PRE person who travels from Spain to ensure they are of minimum standard to become breeding stock. Horses have to achieve the minimum height, and be free of any of the disqualifying conformational defects such as a ewe neck, fallen crest, monorchid, chriptorchid and remain true to the breed type. The LG PRE regulations state that Basic breeding stock can be bred by live cover only. No AI is permitted. If a horse does not pass the evaluation it retains it's papers as a P.R.E. horse but lacks the right to have their progeny inscribed. 

Qualified Breeding Stock - Horses that have passed basic approval can present to a Tribunal of Qualified Breeding Stock (TQB) to become Qualified or Calificado, and will be subjected to a detailed veterinary examination which includes x-rays of leg joints and full reproductive organs examination as well as a ridden test. Only Calificado horses are able to be bred by Artificial Insemination. Currently there are no Calificado horses in Australia . 

Elite Status - This step is currently being developed as the highest status of breeding stock for those horses with proven ability to transmit excellent characteristics to their descendants.

Templates in Time