African Horse Sickness

Andalusian horses were first imported to the US in 1964, 1966 and 1970s. The numbers were low.

Then an African horse sickness outbreak occurred in Spain...and Anyone wanting a horse, when the breed was becoming more popular and known, had to buy from inside the U.S., or go through Mexico (Legionario III came to MX in 1970) or go through a very expensive import process.

So, there was a limited stock to choose from...Until they could start importing again (newer Spanish lines). The embargo was lifted in 1991.

That's why there is a huge difference in regards to bloodlines between the early import lines and the later imported lines. Although all lines go back to the same early Spanish breeders...the early US lines do not include advancements made by some modern breeders (Cardenas, Maipe, Llovera for example).

The early lines also present a dilemma (problem as someone here said) to breeders who want to follow the Cria rules, as the transition to revision was not smooth and many horses did not go through or were failed. Now if you are seeking these old U.S. lines, you often find horses only registered with IALHA. Although, certainly, some breeders have maintained both the old lines and the revised status of their horses.

Due to the African Horse Sickness outbreak in 1987, it made it very difficult to transport horses even within Spain. AHS, a virus, is spread by midges - when detected, requires a 100 km protection zone around the affected premises for at least 12 months. Outbreaks occurred in Spain in 1966 and from 1987 to 1990 (Animal diseases databank).

When everything quieted down, SICAB was begun in 1991 to celebrate! Spain was declared free of African horse sickness by the USDA in 1995.

USDA says that horses coming from countries affected by African horse sickness must be quarantined for 60 days at a cost of almost $5,000 per animal.

"Outbreaks in central and east Africa have extended to Egypt, southern Arabia, and other parts of the Middle East. In 1950-1960, a major epidemic extended from India to the Near Eastern countries, in which an estimated 300,000 Equidae were destroyed. A second outbreak in 1966 occurred in northeast Africa and southern Spain. In 1987, the disease entered Spain via imported zebra from Namibia. These two outbreaks in Spain were controlled, but another occurred in 1988, and sporadic cases occurred through 1990. "

Skyhorse Ranch - Andalusian horse breeder in Texas with Andalusian horses for sale. Breeders of PRE Pura Raza Espanola horses with cartas from Spain. Selling black, grey, and bay Andalusians. Recommend Andalusian stallions at stud. Pictures, history, facts, and info. Spanish Andalusian horse farm. Bloodlines from Spain in the USA.

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